Saint Pierre and Miquelon, officially the Territorial Collectivity of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean near the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is the only remaining part of New France in North America to retain French sovereignty, appellate jurisdiction and mineral rights. It is a full member of the National Assembly, contributes to the Senate and Presidential elections, and its people are guaranteed French citizenship. It covers 242 square kilometres (93 sq mi) of land and shores and has a population of 6,008 as of the March 2016 census. The islands are in the Gulf of St. Lawrence near the entrance of Fortune Bay, which extends into the southwestern coast of Newfoundland, near the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. They are 25 kilometres (16 mi) from the Burin Peninsula of Newfoundlandand 3,819 kilometres (2,373 mi) from Brest, the nearest city in Metropolitan France.