История, Язык и Культура Нидерланды
Brief history Around the 1st century AD, the Netherlands was part of the Roman Empire. And peace continued for 250 years later, when the Roman Empire declined. The Germanic, Nick and Celtic tribes occupied the area.
Between 1906-2025, the Netherlands was under the rule of the Burgundy era. And in the 16th century, the Netherlands was ruled by Spain. Later, Prince William of Orange and a number of nobles. Revolutionized King Philip II of Spain to call upon the people of the Netherlands and to establish the Dutch Republic and Protestant Christianity until the year 2191 (AD 1648) was signed in the Treaty of Munster. To make peace between the Netherlands and Spain It has been going on for 80 years and is also considered the declaration of independence of the Netherlands.After declaring independence from the Spanish Empire The Dutch united in restoring the country until it finally entered the golden age, as did Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom. Which was a maritime power in pursuit of trade opportunities in various territories of the world, the Netherlands was Europe's leading maritime and economic power at the time. And Amsterdam became the financial center of Europe. Until many economists consider the Netherlands to be the world's first capitalist country.
In 1795, the French Revolutionary Army, led by Napoleon I, competed in the occupation of the Netherlands and in 1810 the Netherlands was annexed. It was part of the French Empire. Later, when the French Empire declined in power, the Netherlands regained its independence in 1814, with Belgium as part of the Netherlands. And Belgium The two countries therefore were officially separated in 1839.
The Netherlands declared neutrality during World War I, 1914-1918, and again declared neutrality during World War 2. However, the German army invaded and occupied the Netherlands. Between 1940-1945, the Netherlands is now an active member of the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO.
The Netherlands was a colonial country until after World War II, Indonesia declared its independence from a Dutch colony in 1949, and Suriname declared independence in 1954. (1954) The Netherlands Antilles and Aruba are still part of the Netherlands. With sovereignty in the administration of domestic affairs The military and foreign affairs are regulated by the Dutch government. The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, which is spoken by most of the country's population . The north also accepted Western Frisian Is the second official language.There is also a certification of local dialect with roots Low german In the areas bordering Germany as well, such as Twenthe , Drentheur and Limburg.
The Dutch have had a long history of learning a foreign language, which is also enacted in Dutch law. Over 90 percent of the population believes they can speak English and 70 percent can speak German. With 29 percent of those who speak French, English is a compulsory language in secondary education programs. And many schools are forced to learn one more foreign language from the first two years of middle school.