Niger or official name as Niger is a landlocked country south of the Sahara desert in West Africa. Named after the Niger River Its border to the south is Nigeria and Benin. West registered Mali North of Algeria and Libya East listed Chad Niger occupies almost 1,270,000 square kilometers of which 80 percent is covered by the Sahara Desert. Its population is approximately 15 million, most of whom are Islamic and live in the south and west of the country. The capital is Niamey.